The Fulham Women’s Prison

Did you know there was a Women’s Prison in Fulham?  It flourished from 1856 to 1888, on a six-acre corner site bounded by Burlington Road (originally Back Lane then Burlington Lane) and the New Kings Road.

From 1716 to 1853 site was occupied by a school ‘for young gentlemen’, variously called the Fulham Academy or Burlington House School. The main school buildings were in Burlington House, a jumble of buildings regularised by a plain brick façade fronting Burlington Road. Gates on one side of a large playground to the rear led into a two-acre field used as a cricket pitch. The school also leased from the Manor of Fulham what became known as Jasmine House and Vine Cottage, two late 18th century houses on the New Kings Road.

1 School Playground

The school playground

2 School Cricket Pitch

The school cricket pitch

The school closed in 1853, the same year as two new Acts of Parliament were passed, the Penal Servitude Act known as ‘An Act to Substitute, in Certain Cases, Other Punishment In lieu of Transportation’ and the Convict Prison’s Act, known as ‘An Act for Providing Places of Confinement in England or Wales for Female Offenders under Sentence or Order of Transportation’.  Fewer convicts were to be transported and new prison buildings were required to house those female prisoners no longer shipped abroad. A new system was also required to both punish and rehabilitate them.

Colonel Joshua Jebb (1793 – 1863) had been appointed Surveyor-General of Prisons in 1837 and in 1850 he was made chairman of the Board of the Directors of Convict Prisons, charged with establishing a new progressive system of punishment and rehabilitation.

portrait_of_sir_joshua_jebb_wellcome

Sir Joshua Jebb

Accordingly, on 29 February 1856 the school buildings and the surrounding acres in Fulham were sold ‘on advantageous terms’ to this new body and architect J Dawson, under the direction of Colonel Jebb, an experienced builder of prisons himself, set to work designing suitable buildings to accommodate the new inmates, who were to come from Brixton Prison. On 5 May 1856 Colonel Jebb reported:

‘…The original [school] buildings are undergoing alterations, and will shortly be ready for the reception of 40 to 50 of the most exemplary of the prisoners from Brixton. A chapel and accommodation for about 150 additional females will be completed in the course of the summer, and during the present year the establishment will, I trust, be in working order…the first prisoners will be removed to the Refuge at Fulham tomorrow…’

The new buildings were put up with commendable speed and in 1858 the Illustrated London News printed a view of the new buildings showing the chapel and the south range.

A gatehouse with imposing wooden gates was built fronting onto Burlington Road and, opposite the gatehouse, an attractive gothic chapel was built astride the old fence which had demarcated the headmaster’s pleasure garden from the school cricket pitch. The chapel was built with arcaded wings which joined to a classical, also arcaded, southern range with a central pediment surmounted by a clock tower, and to a more utilitarian northern range, all built over the old school cricket pitch. The main building on the southern side was used for workrooms, school rooms, offices and a dining room with dormitories above.  The building opposite housed the laundry and more sleeping quarters. The buildings formed three sides of a square with space in the middle for a drying area for the laundry and a grassy area for exercise and recreation.

Ful Prison gate 1895 Feret p127

The original Gatehouse

The resulting arrangement of buildings had, from the outside, none of the institutional grimness of other prison buildings, like Brixton Prison, but instead had a distinctly collegiate feel. A further building for the prison chaplain was built beyond the southern range on the southern boundary next to Jasmine House and another entrance to the prison grounds was fashioned between the two houses. This house, much enlarged, still exists and is now known as Burlington House. The former driveway to the prison was built over when Burlington House doubled in size in the 1970s.

As part of the reordering of the existing estate the two houses on the southern edge of the grounds, Jasmine House and Vine Cottage, were turned over to various employees of the prison – the Steward and Foreman of the Works respectively.

The map (1865) below helps explain the layout:

5 Ful Prison 1865

Fulham Refuge map

  1. The reused Burlington House (offices and staff accommodation);
  2. The Gatehouse;
  3. The building now known as Burlington House;
  4. Jasmine House (used by the steward of the prison and his family);
  5. Vine Cottage (used by the Foreman of the Works);
  6. A row of mid-18thc houses and shops which formed part of the Bishop of London’s demesne.

The Illustrated London News described the women’s routine in 1858:

Ful Prison Illus News – Version 3

The women’s daily routine

An engraving of what the women could have looked like on the way to chapel:

prisoncourtyard-2-1875

Prison courtyard – engraving

Sir Joshua Jebb, as he became, took a keen interest in the institution and its reforming ideas.  Indeed the inmates became known locally as “Jebb’s pets”. With his death in 1863 his ‘softening and civilising’ ethos was abandoned.  The character of the refuge became more rigid and severe and a serious disturbance in 1864 caused a shift of official policy.  The regime became that of a prison, for example inmates were to eat separately in their cells, numbers expanded and its title was changed formally to Fulham Prison

A brief obituary in the Fulham Chronicle provides interesting reading:

jebb orbituary

Fulham Chronicle – 17 February 1905

With falling numbers, the prison closed in 1888. This picture of the back of the south building taken in 1894 shows the neglect:

9 Ful Prison 1894 (unpublished Feret)

Deserted south building

Various options were considered for the site including in 1889 ‘a barrack for a Battery of horse artillery to replace the one at St John’s Wood which is only held on lease’. By May 1892 there was a change of heart and it was proposed the grounds should be ‘sold or let in building plots suitable to the locality’. Devon-born builder James ‘Jimmy’ Nichols, who had from 1888 developed part of the twenty-acre Peterborough Estate opposite Parson’s Green, bought ‘the block as it stands’ and the site is now covered with the roads and terraced houses which survive – apart from those few demolished by wartime bombs – today.

One or two sections of the prison buildings still exist. Where the wooden gates were, fronting onto Burlington Road, is now converted into multiple dwellings, the old gateway itself filled in and made into a house:

10 gatehouse today

The Gatehouse today

 

11 GAtehouse today

Burlington Road houses

The old laundry can be seen on the corner of Rigault Road and Buer Road and is now apartments.

12 laundry building

The laundry building today

Jasmine House, the former Steward’s house, is still there on the New Kings Road although its neighbour, Vine Cottage, no longer exists.

I would like to thank fellow volunteer, Michael Dover, for writing most of this history, and him, Keith Whitehouse and Maya Donelan for the use of those photographs not in the Archives.

Fiona Fowler, volunteer, Archives and Local History room

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Enjoying English!

The ESOL Conversation Class

Wednesday is always a good day!

It’s 10.15am and a circle of 20 green chairs stands ready in the middle of Shepherd’s Bush library. The first keen participants begin to arrive. A smiling woman from Syria, a delightful senior from Bangladesh, an elegant woman from Japan… We all know each other well and chat  together like old friends. Some newcomers shyly introduce themselves; an au pair from France who has been in England just a few days, an Italian man hoping to find work in London, a Libyan lady who has brought her neighbour with her…

Now it’s 10.30am, and there are a dozen of us as the class begins.

01 esol shepherds bush

We go round the circle saying our names and where we are from, and something we have done this past week. By the time the last person introduces themselves almost all the 20 chairs are taken. By 11am we have grown to 25 people or more – one crazy Wednesday in September we even reached 40! There are so many people wanting to learn English in Shepherds Bush.

Most of the students are women, with just a handful of men. I love to hear the list of our different countries; Japan, Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Morocco, Algeria, Somalia, Italy, Spain, France, Brazil, Panama… It feels like a meeting of the United Nations, with the shared aim of speaking English, and, through our conversations, to become friends. Some have come to London for just a few months specifically to improve their English. Others are hoping to make Britain their home, and so crucially need English to work, to talk to their children’s teachers, to speak to the doctor, and, for some, as part of their application for UK Citizenship. It is not an easy task, especially for women already very busy looking after their families – and I am always struck by everyone’s eagerness to learn and the attention they bring to the class and to each other.

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I discovered the pleasures of teaching English 5 years ago, when I was living in Barcelona. Taking the Cambridge CELTA qualification deepened my understanding and interest. It is very satisfying to help someone to learn a new language, especially one of such international significance as English, knowing that it can open such important and enjoyable doors in their lives. Teaching through conversation brings the extra pleasure and privilege of getting to know someone from a totally different country and culture.

When a new teacher was needed for the ESOL group at my local library, I was delighted to volunteer, and to have the chance to use my skills and experience for the benefit of my local community. Here I am, 18 months later, still looking forward to my Wednesday mornings!

The hour and a half of our class follows a particular theme, and introduces an area of grammar or vocabulary. I try to include information about British culture, as well as topics of particular interest or use to them: from Bonfire Night to the Royal Wedding, from visiting the doctor, to cooking and their favourite food.

02 esol shepherds bush

Part of the time we talk in pairs or small groups to make sure even shy members get to speak. Sometimes we play language games. We have had end of term parties with fantastic food from around the world. Our conversation is always lively and interesting – and we have fun together. For me, learning English must be enjoyable, and our ESOL group is not just about improving language skills, it is also about creating a sense of community that celebrates our diversity, and where people can feel welcome and make new friends.

It’s great that our libraries offer a range of special interest groups. Why not join one this New Year? And if you have a particular interest or skill to share, or would just like to get involved, why not become a volunteer? I can certainly recommend the experience.

The Shepherd’s Bush Library ESOL Conversation Class is 10.30am to 12pm, every Wednesday during term times.

No need to register, just turn up for a warm welcome.

John, ESOL Conversation Group Volunteer

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Playing out (in the 1950s)

In those days everybody seemed to know each other and watched out for their neighbours. In hot weather many front doors were left open with a plastic strip or deckchair type material curtains to keep the heat and flies out. Most homes did not have a TV and in the evenings groups of neighbours would stand outside chatting together. There were very few parked cars and hardly any through traffic in the side roads of Shepherds Bush so ‘playing out’ was quite safe for children.

FamilyPhoto

On light summer evenings and during school holidays we would ‘play out’ until called home for a meal or bed time. We played football or cricket if someone brought out a ball or bat. Sometimes we even made do with a bat that someone’s dad had carved from a piece of old floorboard. We usually played with tennis balls found amongst the bushes near the tennis courts in Wormholt Park. I remember one day two men gave us a set of six old tennis balls when they opened a new pack. We felt so rich that day.

Whilst the boys played football or cricket the girls more often than not played skipping with a length of old washing line. The main game for boys and girls was hopscotch. A piece of chalk was used to mark the numbered squares, but in the absence of chalk a large stone would suffice and the same stone would be used for the game.

In the autumn we played ‘conkers’ collected from an enormous tree that once stood in Wormholt Park. More often than not we were too impatient to wait for them to fall from the tree and threw sticks up to knock them down. But we always made sure the ‘parkie’ (park keeper) was safely in his little hut in the swings area otherwise he chased us away. Once collected, then all we needed was a metal meat skewer to bore the hole and an old shoe lace to thread through.

GreenMarbles

Most of us had a collection of 20 or more glass marbles which we usually kept in drawstring bags made by our mums. Although I remember one or two friends used their dad’s old socks. The majority of our glass marbles were the traditional size but if you were lucky you owned one or two large ones, which we called ‘doublers’. If you were really lucky you might have a shiny metal ball bearing in your collection. I remember we once scrounged some from a car workshop that once stood on the corner of Percy Road and Batson Street. We would only use the most chipped marbles to play with as you did not want to lose your good ones in a game. But it also meant that if you won you became the owner of your friend’s worst marble.

If we were not playing marbles then the alternative was cigarette cards. Nearly every cigarette manufacturer put cards in their packets. Adults collected sets and put them in specially printed albums but doubles or unwanted ones were usually given to children to play with. Tea companies followed suit by putting cards in packs of tea. Similar to marbles you would only play with the most worn or damaged cards for fear of losing your best ones.

Cigarette Cards

Toys, usually received as birthday or Christmas presents, were very rarely taken outside. However, we made toys from throwaway items. One was a ‘gun’ made from a matchbox, lolly stick and elastic bands, which actually fired spent matchsticks. Another was a ‘tank’ made from a wooden cotton reel, an elastic band, a lolly stick and a small piece of wax candle. Once wound up it would roll along the ground.

At that time every child’s dream was to make their own go-kart. We searched for abandoned prams or push chairs for wheels. Discarded pieces of wood were used for the cart, and a hefty nut and bolt, a piece of batten and some rope was used for steering. Racing up and down the tarmacked roads was great fun. However, this stopped when the council changed the tarmacked surface to a tar and fine shingle surface which was very unpopular, and terrible for go-carting. There were not many hills in Shepherds Bush but we did discover a sloping path that led from Wormholt Park to Bryony Road, opposite Wormholt Park School. You could get up quite a bit of speed but as soon as you got through the gates you had to steer sharp right or left to avoid hurtling into the road. Of course on many occasions the cart would tip over and you tumbled off.

As a reminder of those days I still have faint scars on my knees from go-cart accidents, slipping on the newly shingled roads, and falling from the swings in Wormholt Park.

by
Peter Trott
Hammersmith & Fulham, Local Studies and Archives volunteer

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The Thames Path through Hammersmith

The Thames Path is a National Trail following the River Thames from its source near Kemble in Gloucestershire to the Thames Barrier at Charlton, south east London. It is about 184 miles (296 km) long and passes through peaceful water meadows, unspoilt rural villages, historical towns and cities, and finally through the heart of London to end at the Thames Barrier in Greenwich.

01TowpathMap

A path along the Thames was first proposed in the report of the Hobhouse Committee on National Parks in 1948 (Cmd 6628) but it was not until 1996 that it become a National Trail. There is an additional section from the Thames Barrier in Woolwich to Crayford Ness, near Erith. This 10-mile path is not part of the recognised National Trail and is sometimes known as the Thames Path Southeast Extension. It was opened in 2001 and links the London Outer Orbital Path.

02SignPost

The path’s entire length can be walked, and some parts can be cycled. Most of the path is on the original towpath but in some places the original towpath traffic would have crossed the river to the other side using ferries.  Nearly all the path is directly beside the river and these days developers wishing to build along the river have to agree to provide pedestrian access to the riverside to obtain planning permission.  In Hammersmith, the path runs beside the river almost all the way except at Chiswick Mall.  In Fulham, a much longer stretch, you have to go inland round the Hurlingham Club and the neighbouring flats and at some of the original wharves.

Local children from seven primary schools in Hammersmith and Fulham have produced a guide to the Thames Path from Hammersmith to Chelsea.  It is attractively illustrated with information about the key buildings and places passed and I strongly recommend it. Copies are available in the library.

03TowpathBookCover

Guide to the Thames Path from Hammersmith to Chelsea

I will not repeat all the stories the children have discovered but will remind you briefly of what you can see if you walk the section of the Thames Path in the borough of Hammersmith. Hammersmith starts half way along Chiswick Mall, roughly where it is joined by Miller’s Cross.  Here the path runs along a riverside road boasting some of west London’s finest 18th and 19th Century homes.  Beyond this is Hammersmith Terrace where, within a short distance, there are blue plaques to A P Herbert (no 12), humorist in many literary forms, law-reform activist, and independent MP; Emery Walker (no 7), engraver, photographer and printer who took an active role in many organisations that were at the heart of the Arts and Crafts movement; and Edward Johnson (no 3), calligrapher and designer of the sans-serif typeface used by London Underground until the 1980s.

The path continues along the river edge past a number of historical pubs including The Black Lion and The Ship and then passes behind The Dove into Furnivall Gardens.

Thomas Cobden-Sanderson, often credited with having coined the term ‘arts and crafts’, established the Doves Press in 1893, named after the Doves Tavern almost next door to his house. The bindery bound many of the Kelmscott Press books. It was founded in 1901 and was a joint venture between the bookbinder Cobden Sanderson and Emery Walker with money provided by Cobden-Sanderson’s wife, Annie, the suffragette.  It all ended very badly with a major row between the two partners and Cobden-Sanderson throwing all the plates into the Thames at Hammersmith Bridge. Only one specimen remains, a block created for a Christmas greeting in 1900 which remained with Walker and is now preserved in the Emery Walker Library.

09Towpath

Doves Press

William Morris lived at Kelmscott House, 26 Upper Mall from 1878 to 1896.  He was an artist, designer, craftsman, writer and socialist thinker, dramatically changing the fashions and thinking of the era.  The house is in private hands and not open to the public but the William Morris Society is housed in the coach house and basement and open Thursday and Saturday, 14.00 to 17.00. There is presently a photographic exhibition featuring images of Morris & Co as well as previously unseen photographs of William Morris, his family and homes.

10Towpath

Kelmscott House

Rounding the bend in the river, you come across Hammersmith Bridge, which almost marks the boundary with Fulham.

11Towpath

View of Hammersmith Bridge from the towpath at low tide

The first Hammersmith Bridge was sanctioned by an Act of Parliament in 1824 and work on site began the following year. It was the first suspension bridge over the River Thames and was designed by William Tierney Clark.  It cost some £80,000 and opened on 6 October 1827 as a toll bridge.

12Towpath

Engraving of the first Hammersmith Bridge

By the 1870s, the bridge was no longer strong enough to support the weight of heavy traffic and the owners were alarmed in 1870 when 11,000 to 12,000 people crowded onto the bridge to watch the University Boat Race, which passes underneath. In 1884 a temporary bridge was put up to allow a more limited cross-river traffic while a replacement was constructed.

The current Hammersmith Bridge was designed by Sir Joseph Bazalgette and rests on the same pier foundations constructed for Tierney Clark’s original structure. It was opened by the Prince of Wales on 11 June 1887.  Hammersmith Bridge has long suffered structural problems and has been closed for lengthy periods on several occasions due to the weight and volume of road traffic now common in inner London, which the bridge was not originally designed to support.  The bridge was declared a Grade II* listed structure in 2008, providing protection to preserve its special character from unsympathetic development.

13Towpath

 Hammersmith Bridge

Walking under the bridge, you see the Riverside Studios. In 1933, the Triumph Film Company acquired the site of Gwynnes Engineering, a former engineering works and foundry and created two large sound stages from a jumble of workshops.  The BBC bought the site in 1954 and converted it into the country’s first purpose-built television facility and some of the most famous programmes made at Riverside include Hancock’s Half Hour (1957-60), Doctor Who (1964 – 68) and the children’s programmes Blue Peter and Play School. In 1975, after the BBC moved out, a charitable trust formed by Hammersmith and Fulham Council took control of the building and for the next 40 years Riverside Studios provided a programme of live performance, visual arts, international cinema and television production. The original building closed for redevelopment in September 2014 and has been completely rebuilt. It is scheduled to reopen in early 2019.

14Towpath

Riverside Studios

This roughly marks the boundary between Hammersmith and Fulham and is a good place to stop.  The towpath in Fulham is much longer and will need a separate blog.

Fiona Fowler
Hammersmith & Fulham, Local Studies and Archives volunteer

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Wedding open afternoon at Fulham Library

Are you thinking of getting married and would like a venue with lots of character?

If the answer’s yes, come along to our open afternoon at Fulham Library on Saturday 13 October, 2pm – 4pm.  View the library’s wedding space, meet wedding specialists and enjoy fizz and canapés courtesy of Fait Maison

About the venue

This stunning historic venue will make any couples’ wedding day memorable and special. Built in 1908, the Grade II-listed library’s hall has space for up to 120 wedding guests. The library’s well-maintained features, such as its original wooden book cabinets, provide the perfect backdrop for photographs.

Suppliers who will be attending include:

GB elegant events event coordinators/stylist

Kelly Atwood Floral Designs

My Wedding Fixer wedding planner

LGBTQ equality weddings supplier listing/equality advocate

The Stationery Garden stationery designer

Photo Press bespoke printed newspapers for wedding stationery alternative

Roshni Photography wedding and portrait photographer

Fait Maison caterer

Crown Cakery cake designer

Allison Rodger dress designer

Live music from harpist Eleanor Potter

And finally you will have opportunity to talk to a registrar from the borough

Located in Fulham Road, the stunning venue is close to Parsons Green tube station and is easily accessible by road.

If you can join us, please RSVP with your name and contact details to: fulhamweddings@lbhf.gov.uk

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William Morris and Hammersmith | Spitalfields Life

The Gentle Author, who writes for Spitalfields Life, has very kindly given us permission to share his recent piece on William Morris in the East End as Hammersmith is mentioned several times.

And here are a couple of photos from our Archives –

William Morris in 1889

 

The Hammersmith Socialist Society in the garden at Kelmscott House, Hammersmith (Morris’ house). William Morris is in the photo. c1891

Like to learn more? Our Local Studies and Archives can help.

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Sweets, sweet shops and money in the 1950s

I have previously written about playing in the streets and bombsites of Shepherds Bush, and also about my time at Ellerslie Road School, in the 1950s. But for the ‘Baby Boomers’ the 5th February 1953 was one of the greatest days in the life of a child – the ending of over ten years of sweet rationing. And for the rest of that decade sweets, sweet shops and money became much more important than school, and could only be equalled by ‘playing out’.

‘Lovely Jubbly’ as Del Boy Trotter would say to express his delight. But to us, growing up in the 1950s, a Jubbly was an orange drink in a strange pyramid type carton. But no self-respecting child would ever have drunk one as we only bought them frozen. One end of the carton was cut off and you pushed up the frozen orange and sucked the top like a lolly. But occasionally if they hadn’t been given enough time to freeze completely they were something akin to a ‘Slush Puppies’.

When sweets came off ration we were using the old pounds, shillings and pence system. The pound was of course the same, but it was a banknote rather than a coin. The pound was made up of 20 shillings and there was also a 10 shilling note (equivalent to today’s 50 pence piece). Each shilling was made up of 12 copper pennies, making a total of 240 pennies in one pound. However, it was further complicated as a penny was made up of 2 halfpennies or 4 farthings. There were actually 960 farthing in one pound.

If you were very lucky you might get one or two pennies to spend on the way to school. The farthing continued to be legal tender throughout the 1950s and my earliest memories of money was being able to buy one sweet for one farthing. So for one whole penny I could buy four sweets. There was a choice of two types of chew which were similar to today’s Starbursts or Chewitts. One was an orange/strawberry chew called a Fruit Salad and the other was an aniseed flavoured chew called a Black Jack. The wrapper of the latter would be politically incorrect now as it bore the face of a golly.

As we all know, by watching repeats of old TV programmes, life then was very un-pc. It’s hard to believe but in those days smoking related sweets were readily sold to children, and in fact were very popular. You could buy a pack of 10 sweet candy cigarettes, in a realistic looking cigarette box complete with a picture card. Each cigarette was made of white candy with a red tip at the end. Child size liquorice pipes were sold, complete with a red ‘hundreds and thousands’ top to imitate the glowing tobacco. You could even buy a pouch of sweet tobacco that in fact was candied coconut shaped and coloured to look like tobacco.

Many of our local corner shops sold loose sweets such as bulls eyes, sherbet lemons, acid drops and pineapple cubes. The pineapple cubes were rock hard cubes of yellow candy coated with sugar. They were the same size as the real pineapple chunks that came out of tins. In those days I don’t think many kids actually knew what a real pineapple looked like. There were also chewing nuts that were actually small chocolate covered toffee drops. I think we paid around twopence for a small white paper bag of sweets, weighing two ounces (two ounces was less than 60 grams).

These type of sweets were kept in large glass jars and the shopkeepers would shake them out of the jar into the pan of the weighing scales. Some ‘posh’ shops used small metal scoops but the less hygienic shopkeepers often used their hands, to loosen the sweets if they were stuck in the jar. There were no strict hygiene laws then and I remember that items like liquorice pipes and sticks of hard liquorice were often handed to you by the shopkeeper.

Of course there were lots of packaged sweets such as tubes of Smarties, Love Hearts, Wine Gums and Fruit Pastilles all of which are still in production today. But only those of a certain age will remember sweets such as Bazooka Bubble Gum, Gob Stoppers, Spangles, Five Centres, Picnics and Toffos. One favourite was a Jamboree Bag, which was a sealed paper bag containing a small selection of loose sweets and a small toy.

Old paper advert from author’s own collection

I particularly remember Five Boys milk chocolate bars. The small bar was in 5 segments with a different boy’s face on each. Five Boys was a very old brand and I remember my father telling me that it was his brothers’ favourite chocolate way back in the 1910s. Apparently the actual photos for the advertising were taken in 1885.

Today there are multiple manufacturers selling huge varieties of types and flavours of crisps. It’s hard to believe that in the early 1950s you could only buy plain crisps. They were not even salted and each bag contained a small blue paper twist containing salt. You had to find it in the bag, open it and then sprinkle the salt over the crisps. Occasionally you might find two or even three twists in the bag but if you were really unlucky the twist would be missing altogether.

Over time the local sweet shops I frequented as a child disappeared and the buildings were converted into homes. One was directly opposite my school in Ellerslie Road. There were two in Adelaide Grove; one in a row of shops opposite the Adelaide Pub and the other on the junction of Dunraven Road. The earlier black and white photo on the left shows the shop on the junction of Dunraven Road and Thorpebank Road, and the one on the right is a later photograph of the same building.

There must be a certain nostalgia for some of these old sweets as a quick search of the internet has revealed several websites offering retro 1950s sweets. Black Jacks are still sold but the offending golly picture has disappeared. I did find sweet cigarettes on sale but most have now been renamed candy sticks. However, much to my surprise I did find retro liquorice pipes and sweet tobacco being advertised.

Peter Trott
Hammersmith & Fulham, Local Studies and Archives volunteer

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